بناء مقياس المرونة العاطفية لــدى طلبــة المرحلة الإعدادية وفقاً لنظرية الاستجابة الفقرة
The Present Study aims to Constructing the emotional resilience Scale for the Preparatory Grade Students According to the Item Response Theory. The Researcher has followed the Sciences Steps to achieve this Aim in Constructing the emotional resilience Scale According to the Item Response Theory. Starting by display scale instructions and Items to the arbitrators Experts with Specialization in Educational and Psychological Sciences, to make sure the availability of the appropriate characteristics of the Items of the scale and alternatives, in terms of form and content, and that it describes the measured characteristic, and after making some necessary adjustments, promised all the Items of the scale is valid to measure what developed in order to measure it. To ensure the clarity of instructions and Items measure the sample, and to determine the time required for performance, applied the scale on an exploratory sample of (80) students from non-sample statistical analysis, and appears to be instructions and Items scale clear, have been identified performance time by (20) minutes. To determine the characteristics of the standard Items of the overall scale, as well as the verification of model assumptions, applied the scale on a sample of (550) male and female students (Preparatory Grade/ Morning schools in the city of Baghdad) were selected by Proportional Class random sample. And it the researcher adopted at the (Generalized Graded Unfolding Model- GGUM), which is one (Unfolding IRT Models), and the use of statistical program (GGUM-.2004).