ثورة بيكالبارو 1854 وأثرها في تحقيق الراديكالية السياسية في اسبانيا

  • فاتن محيي محسن, م.د. الجامعة المستنصرية / كلية التربية الأساسية

Abstract

The situation of Spain in the nineteenth century in a state of chaos and political turmoil in all aspects, was occupied by Napoleon Bonaparte since 1808-1814, followed by the War of Independence Spain appeared fragmented because of these wars was destroyed for the French invasion of the Kingdom's economy and left a country divided and prone to political instability, The political parties that destabilized Spain represented the liberal, reactionary and moderate forces where these parties fought for long-term control without any strong management to achieve lasting stability. The reactionary era began against the liberal thought associated with revolutionary France, Dr. VII Ferdinand VII (1808-1833) (1) And to a lesser extent his daughter Isabela II (1833-1868), and Ferdinand VII lost during his rule the colonies of Spain in the New World with the exception of Cuba and Puerto Rico, and then broke the civil war led by liberals and moderates against the rule of conservatives, culminating in the caric wars between the moderate Queen Isabella The second and reactionary uncle Don Carlos, as well as the discontent of many parties to the Government of Isabella the second, which led to the recurrence of military intervention in political affairs and the outbreak of the revolution Vicálvaro in 1854, which forced Isabella II to form a government supported by the people.

The study examines the political crisis in Spain prior to the Madrid uprising of 1808 and traces the stages of the uprising and its political impact.

            The study also examines the formation of the Cadiz Parliament and the liberal settlement in Spain in 1809-1813, and the most important developments in Spain during the ominous decade. Christina de Bourbon on the throne of 1833-1843, as well as the study of the rule of the moderates and the Constitution of 1945 and the causes of the outbreak of the Second Carly War, and finally the research deals with the revolution of Vicálvaro in 1854 and its consequences.

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Published
2019-06-21
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Articles
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